Canada's fish and
seafood industry is Naturally abundant...
Surrounded by the
Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and home to the Great Lakes, Canada
boasts one of the world's most diverse fisheries in the world. Canada
offers a wide variety of sustainably harvested species from many
different areas of the country. In 2011, Atlantic Canada and Quebec
commercial fishing landings were valued at $1.8 billion. Top Atlantic
species in terms of value were lobster, snow crab, shrimp, scallops and
Greenland turbot. Pacific commercial fishing landings were valued at
$279 million. Top Pacific commercial species in terms of value were wild
salmon, halibut, geoduck clams, spot prawns and Dungeness crab.
Freshwater fish commercial landings were valued at $58 million. Top
freshwater commercial species in terms of value were yellow pickerel,
perch, whitefish, white bass and smelt.
Canada's coastlines and
clean environment allow for some of the best aquaculture growing
conditions in the world. Canada's aquaculture sector continues to
produce world renowned responsibly produced fish and seafood. Canada's
aquaculture production was valued at $846 million in 2011. Top species
produced were salmon (Atlantic, coho and chinook), mussels, rainbow
trout, oysters, and clams.
For more information on
commercial landings and aquaculture statistics, please visit
Fisheries and Oceans Canada's statistics webpage.
fishing and aquaculture sectors provide more than 80,000 direct jobs to
Canadians. They are the economic mainstay of many rural and coastal
communities across Canada.
Canada was the world's
fifth largest fish and seafood exporter in 2011, with exports to more
than 130 countries. In 2012, Canada's fish and seafood exports were
valued at $4.1 billion. The United States is Canada's largest export
market (representing roughly 62% of seafood trade) followed by China
(11%), the European Union (8%), Japan (6%) and Hong Kong (3%). Canada's
fish and seafood imports were $2.8 billion in 2012, resulting in a
significant annual trade surplus.
Fisheries and Oceans
Canada is the federal government department that regulates and manages
the Canadian fishery. Fisheries and Oceans Canada works to secure the
future of Canada's wild fisheries by initiating conservative management
practices that focus on sustainable development and responsible fishing.
Visit Department of Fisheries and Oceans's Sustainable Fish and Seafood
Portal for more information.
Canada has one of the
world's most respected fish inspection and control systems. The Canadian
Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) (www.inspection.gc.ca)
sets the policies, requirements and inspection standards for fish
products, federally registered fish and seafood processing
establishments, importers, fishing vessels, and equipment used for
handling, transporting and storing fish. All establishments which
process fish and seafood for export or inter-provincial trade must be
federally registered and must develop and implement a HACCP-based
Quality Management Program (QMP) plan.
certification program of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency provides
exporters with official documentation that Canadian fish and seafood
products sold on the international market will be acceptable to
importing countries. Buyers can be assured that seafood from Canada will
continue to meet the increasingly rigorous safety and wholesomeness
standards required by the world's major seafood markets.
Agriculture and Agri-Food
Canada is responsible for marketing and trade development.
Watch some videos on
the Canadian Fishing Industry...
Voyage of the 7
A year in the life of a north atlantic deepsea longliner called the 7
Girls. Follows the skipper and crew as they roam over thousands of miles
of ocean, summer and winter, searching for giant swordfish, tuna and
halibut. A portrait of a way of life so difficult, so tough and
dangerous, that it is beyond imagining for those who haven't lived it.
Lobster Fishing on
the Ashley & Alissa
Lobster fishing in May 2012 on the Ashley & Alissa in Lobster Bay, Nova
Fishermen, Fishboats and the Sea
This video is about the Nanaimo area herring fishermen, their vessels,
and the wildlife in the sea and sky around them. All scenes were shot on
March 16th, 2011, when the herring fishery opened up. The shots were
taken at Pipers Lagoon and Neck Point, from late morning to mid
afternoon. Many of the clips were actually taken on the run. Like most
live action, there are few chances for a reshoot in such a dynamic and
One Mans Paradise
Meet Llewellyn James Henneberry: commercial fisherman, yodeller,
homespun philosopher, husband and father. And the creator of a very
strange museum. A story told with great humour that mixes sea-going
adventure and village life to reveal an extraordinary, ordinary man who
has roamed the North Atlantic hunting for some of the largest fish in
History of Commercial Fisheries in Canada
Fisheries drew the first Europeans to what
is now Canada, and still sustain large coastal and inland regions. The
industry is defined by cycles of “boom and bust”, with fishermen
enjoying periods of plentiful harvest and financial gain, only to suffer
through periods of hardship and unemployment. Despite these ups and
downs, Canadian fisheries and the lifestyle associated with them are
intrinsic to certain regional identities, in particular those of British
Columbia and Atlantic Canada.
Cold Water Cowboys
Discovery Channel travels to Newfoundland for an intense season of
fishing in "Cold Water Cowboys." Following a fleet of six captains and
their crews, the series takes viewers across hundreds of miles of the
North Atlantic as the men try to rebuild the industry, catching crab,
shrimp, turbot, herring and mackerel. With salt water in their blood,
the crews face waves the size of houses and icebergs as large as some
small cities in a race against time and one another. In a struggling
industry, the "Cold Water Cowboys" do whatever it takes to fill the
hatch and make as much money as possible.
The Canadian Council of Professional Fish Harvesters
The Shack Locker
Yarns of the Deep Sea Fishing Fleets by Frederick William Wallace
Salt Seas and Sailormen
By Frederick William Wallace (1923) (pdf)