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Economic Minerals and Mining Industry of Canada

NUMEROUS minerals of economic importance, widely distributed, occur in the Dominion of Canada, although, as yet, only small fractions of the probable productive areas have been carefully prospected. Within her boundaries, Canada still possesses large areas of great potential importance, and each season brings to light new deposits or minerals not hitherto discovered.

This pamphlet has been compiled under the direction of Mr. J. McLeish, Chief of the Division of Mineral Resources and Statistics, who has had the co-operation of several officers of the Mines Branch staff: more particularly Messrs. G. T. Cartwright, L. H. Cole, H. Frechette, II. S. deschmid, and A. W. G. Wilson: and the objective has been to present in a popular form a brief sketch of the more important economic minerals, and of the mining and metallurgical industries of Canada.

A short introductory statement, giving some data of general interest, and including a brief description of the main geographic and geologic features of the country, precedes the detailed descriptions. Each individual metal or mineral product is treated separately, and arranged in alphabetical order. The occurrence or distribution of each mineral is, in general, taken up in geographical order, from east to west. At the end of the pamphlet brief summary statements of the mineral production of each province of the Dominion are included; in which reference is made to the laws governing mining and the ownership of mining lands in the various Provinces and Territories; and the names and addresses are given of the several government departments—whether Provincial or Dominion—administrating these laws or regulations.

In this brief description many interesting and important details have, of necessity, been omitted, and, in many instances, reference is made to localities or occurrences where preliminary investigations have indicated only future possibilities.

The particulars and statistics have all been compiled from official sources, and, where advisable, published papers and reports have been freely quoted from: for which, general acknowledgment is here made.

More detailed information respecting any particular mineral, ore, product, or district, may usually be obtained from the proper official department of the various Provincial Governments, or from the Director of the Mines Branch of the Department of Mines, Ottawa.

June 4, 1913.

(Signed) Eugene Haanel,

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