NUMEROUS minerals of economic importance, widely
distributed, occur in the Dominion of Canada, although, as yet, only
small fractions of the probable productive areas have been carefully
prospected. Within her boundaries, Canada
still possesses large areas of great potential importance, and each
season brings to light new deposits or minerals not hitherto
This pamphlet has been compiled under the
direction of Mr. J. McLeish, Chief of the Division of Mineral
Resources and Statistics, who has had the co-operation of several
officers of the Mines Branch staff: more particularly Messrs. G. T.
Cartwright, L. H. Cole, H. Frechette, II. S. deschmid, and A. W. G.
Wilson: and the objective has been to present in a popular form a
brief sketch of the more important economic minerals, and of the
mining and metallurgical industries of Canada.
A short introductory statement, giving some data
of general interest, and including a brief description of the main
geographic and geologic features of the country, precedes the
detailed descriptions. Each individual metal or mineral product is
treated separately, and arranged in alphabetical order. The
occurrence or distribution of each mineral is, in general, taken up
in geographical order, from east to west. At the end of the pamphlet
brief summary statements of the mineral production of each province
of the Dominion are included; in which reference is made to the laws
governing mining and the ownership of mining lands in the various
Provinces and Territories; and the names and addresses are given of
the several government departments—whether Provincial or
Dominion—administrating these laws or regulations.
In this brief description many interesting and
important details have, of necessity, been omitted, and, in many
instances, reference is made to localities or occurrences where
preliminary investigations have indicated only future possibilities.
The particulars and statistics have all been
compiled from official sources, and, where advisable, published
papers and reports have been freely quoted from: for which, general
acknowledgment is here made.
More detailed information respecting any
particular mineral, ore, product, or district, may usually be
obtained from the proper official department of the various
Provincial Governments, or from the Director of the Mines Branch of
the Department of Mines, Ottawa.