A MANUSCRIPT HISTORY OF
THE COUNTY OF YARMOUTH
Having been submitted
to us by the author, the Eev. J. B. Campbell, for our critical
examination as to matters of fact, and general accuracy, we, whose names
are hereunto signed, have great pleasure in stating that we have
thoroughly examined the work, in the composition of which, the author
must have most carefully and industriously exhausted all sources of
information. The arraugement into several distinct, and yet, well
connected sections, greatly increases its value as a book of reference,
and renders the whole narrative clear and unconfused. All statements of
fact have been carefully verified, and we believe the whole to be an
accurate and impartial History of this County.
J. B. Bond, W. H. Moody,
G. J. Faeish, L. E. Bakeb,
J. B. Kinney, T. M. Lewis,
Yarmouth, October 7th, 1875.
ALTHOUGH not as deeply
interested, or as directly concerned in all the details of the County of
Yarmouth, as if he had been born in this County, and had listened from
childhood to the story of its settlement and subsequent progress; the
Author has always considered it a duty as well as a pleasure, to gather
up particulars illustrative of the Character and Institutions of the
people amongst whom his lot, for some years, has been cast.
This more systematic effort to preserve the floating traditions and to
collect the scattered records of the past, by which, when connected with
our present condition, the progress which has been made, may he
appreciated, was the result of an invitation issued by the Governors of
Kings College, Windsor, for Essays on County Histories, under the
thoughtful and liberal intelligence of the Akins Foundation. I sent them
an Essay on the history of this County in 1872; and, from the
expressions of satisfaction with which they were pleased to accompany
the reception of my paper,—together with the then general interest in
the undertaking, and the subsequent continued solicitations of those
whose opinions I respect, I have thought it my duty to publish the work.
The volume from the nature of the case cannot be expected to be very
interesting to many persons unconnected with the County. Compared with
the important transactions of great countries, the contents must, to
unconcerned readers, appear trivial. There is here no account of great
men, or great measures; but simply the common-place records of a young,
but growing community, in which there is necessarily much of personal
detail, and even that confined to a few whose ability to be publicly
useful in one thing usually identified them with many, and to whom,
therefore, by consequence, frequent reference had to be made. But I
venture to think that, as all things are great or small only by
comparison, the details of the affairs of this County however
insignificant in themselves, are more interesting and more important to
its people than are the details of any other limited part of the world.
And as every intelligent people loves to know something of its past
history, I shall have been amply repaid to think that some things have
been herein preserved, which were fast floating away.
As much accuracy in statement, and moderation in style, is required in
such a work, as in a greater. In order to attain these desirable
objects, the manuscript was voluntarily submitted to a number of well
informed, independent-minded citizens, representing wide Political and
Religious divergences of opinion; and their criticism freely invited.
They were pleased to testify to the general accuracy and impartiality of
the whole; but I wish it to be understood that I alone, am responsible
The Author has endeavoured to verify all his statements, by reference to
such authorities and sources of information, both written and oral, as
were available. Council Books, Proceedings of Assembly, Township
Proprietors Book, Sessions Books, Record Books, Journals, Settlers
Ledgers, and the local Press, have been made to yield up the little or
much they contained. There have been several Histories of Nova Scotia
published, which might very reasonably have been supposed to have been
servicable. But when I say that the very latest work on the subject, Mr.
Duncan Campbell’s History of Nova Scotia, contains only a few trivial
allusions to this County, all of which do not occupy half a dozen lines,
it will be seen at once how limited is the assistance that is to be
obtained from such sources. Throughout the three volumes of Mr.
Murdoch’s valuable Repository of facts for some future historian of Nova
Scotia, lie scattered references to this County. In Haliburton’s work,
published in 1829, there is a well written notice of Yarmouth and
Argyle, from the pen of the late Dr. H. G. Farish. That gentleman was
asked by Mr., afterwards Judge Haliburton, to give him the needed
reference to those places; and the answer sent was inserted without
alteration, as I found on examining the papers in possession of several
members of his family, and which have been kindly lent to to me for this
work. I have obtained valuable assistance from the papers above referred
to, and from one or two papers in the possession of other private
citizens; although the assistance from this source, notwithstanding a
long continued public advertisement, was astonishingly scanty.
But more particularly I ought to mention the Eecord office in Halifax.
All the books in that and other offices have been examined, and extracts
made from them of whatever was to the purpose. In this work, I was
greatly assisted by Mr. Thomas Robertson, of the Secretary’s office; to
whom, together with all others who have aided me, I desire to tender my
most hearty thanks. More especially I ought to mention Drs. G. J. Farish,
and J. B. Bond. To the former gentleman, both the Reader and the Author
are more indebted than can well be acknowledged. The completeness of the
List of dates of arrivals, and places of first settlement, is entirely
due to his industry. So many have contributed separate facts or
thoughts, that it would be tiresome, as well as pedantic, to parade the
list. Where it has been practicable, I have recorded circumstances in
the direct narration: where it has not, I have given authorities when
necessary; and, where I have thought it would answer one purpose or
another, as for instance when some point is involved, or even when
simply amusing, I have preserved the original orthography, although it
acknowledges no. laws known to Johnson or Worcester.
The plan of the work is simple. I have endeavoured to trace the origin
of settlements, and the rise and progress of all the Institutions in the
County, in, as far as was practicable, the order of their occurrence;
interweaving at the most suitable time and place, notices of those
individual citizens, who for their prominence and influence, ought to be
had in remembrance.
It is hoped that the illustrations, which are adaptations in wood, from
photographs by Mr. L. G. Swain, will be acceptable. Permission to insert
portraits of the late Herbert Huntington, Henry Greggs Farish, E. W. B.
Moody, and Thomas Killam had been obtained; but, when it came to a
matter of execution, it was found that the available copies were not
such as would have done honour to the memory of several of those
gentlemen. I have therefore, for the present, very reluctantly, laid
aside this whole feature in the work.
Presentation - Yarmouth & Acadian Shores
Roger Brooks presentation on October 24, 2013 entitled "Tools to Reshape
our 2014 Tourism Industry", where Roger offered his impressions of and
go-forward suggestions for Yarmouth & Acadian Shores. Roger Brooks is an
expert in the fields of tourism, community branding, downtown
development, and destination marketing. He is also a Board Member at the
US Travel Association. Over the past 30 years Roger has helped thousands
of people transform ordinary places, businesses, and attractions into
incredibly successful destinations. During the summer of 2013, Roger
mystery-shopped Yarmouth & Acadian Shores. He evaluated his experience
here based upon 60 established tourism criteria, including: signage,
directions, customer service, public parks and green spaces, curb
appeal, business hours, beautification, brand, perception and
cooperation among and between communities, along with many other
Limits of the County. Physical Character. Climate. Natural History
Introductory Historical Facts. Earliest References
Aboriginal Inhabitants. Indian Relics. French Settlers and Settlements
Early English Settlers. The County known to American fishermen before
settled. Government offers to intending Settlers. Grants
The first arrivals. Their locations, condition and first experiences
Progress of the work of Settlement. Committee appointed by Council.
Rules for their guidance
Continued influx till 1764. First notice of Argyle and Pubnico. Mr.
Crawley’s Return, Personal references
Increase between 1764-7. Township Grant. Marks of progress. Grist and
Opening up of the County by-roads. Public Worship. First Ministers.
Chebogue Church raised
Township of Argyle. When set apart. Successive settlement of Argyle,
Tusket, Rel Brook and Pubnico. The D’Entremonts
Fresh Arrivals. Memorial for a Re-adjustment of County limits. Colonial
troubles of 1775. Politics of the period
Third Decade 1780-90. Loyalist Element in the County. Cape Forchue
meeting house. Escheated property. Partition of the Township of
Yarmouth. Original Settlers of Tusket. Church Covenant of 1784
Commercial progress. Fishing. Early local merchants. Yarmouth made a
Port of Shelburne. J. N. Bond. Religious Devolution. Henry Alline.
Jonathan Scott. Harris Harding. Religious Census. Original homes and
first locations of the early settlers
Opening of the Nineteenth Century. Condition of Roads and Bridges.
Institution of the Post Office. H. G. Farish. Progress in Public
Buildings. Episcopal Church. Abbe Sigogne. Social Conveniences
Supremacy of Yarmouth gradually asserted. War of 1812-14. Loyal
The Story of Yarmouth Shipping Enterprise. Anthony Landers. Ease of the
Methodist body. The Free Baptists. Rise and Progress of Sunday Schools
Social Progress from 1800. Negro Slaves. New Settlements. Salmon River.
Kemptville. Beaver River. Ohio. Hebron. Carleton. Temperance and Total
Abstinence Societies. Great Fire of 1820
Political and Educational Progress. Confederation. Incorporation.
Judicial History of the County. Courts. Common Pleas. Our Schools and
Literature. Literary remains. The Press
Celebration of the Centennial Anniversary of the Settlement of Yarmouth
The Town of Yarmouth. Churches. Schools. Private Residences. Banks.
Insurance offices. Manufacturers. Agricultural Societies. Synopsis.
Steam by Land and Water. Fisheries. General Trade. Excapitulation.